One of the most common gynaecological infectious diseases is the infection of vulva or vagina caused by yeast fungi – also known as vulvovaginal candidiasis or vulvovaginal thrush. Eighty % of all cases are caused by the yeast fungus Candida Albicans. Genital yeast fungus infection in men causes inflammation of the glans penis, termed balanitis. In contrast to vulvovaginitis, the occurrence of balanitis is much lower. Both infections are not particularly dangerous, but very unpleasant.
Vaginal yeast infection treatment
Gynaecological fungal infections are not, despite being sexually transmittable, counted among sexual diseases. Fungi aren’t picked up, one has them. Yeast fungi normally live unnoticed in the middle of the natural microflora of the vagina’s mucous membrane. The microflora keeps the acidic milieu of the vagina intact and thus keeps a lid on the yeast. Is the natural balance disturbed, fungi will pick up on the chance and multiply in an uncontrolled manner? After three days at the latest, the annoying symptoms will appear: itching, a strong burning sensation, increased discharge, reddening and swelling of the afflicted tissue. The fungus is persistent and needs to be treated quickly, as it generally will not disappear by itself.
Gynaecological fungal infections are the body’s reply to the exterior as well as interior influences. Triggers are often hormonal changes, such as those occurring during pregnancy or when oral contraceptives are taken. Stress, psychological strain and diabetes, as well as too tightly worn clothing and a poor diet, can have the same effect. The intake of particular drugs, such as antibiotics, or excessive hygiene, can also disturb the natural microflora’s balance in the vaginal mucous membranes. Diseases weakening our immune system also make us particularly susceptible to fungal infection.
Three out of four women have to live through such a fungal infection at least once in their lives, many other even more frequently. To avoid recurring infections, the underlying causes and risk factors should be eliminated or treated.