Having varicose veins is among the most common venous problems of most people. These could affect both sexes and even young, middle and old age. Varicosity of the veins is not a normal condition but mild cases are not alarming. As the problem progresses, discomfort emerges. Conservative treatment can do wonders and help lessen symptoms of varicosities.
What Happens With Varicose Veins
The blood vessels physiologically work as a transporter of blood to and from the heart. The vein’s role is to bring blood back to the heart after it has circulated into various tissues throughout the body. Blood can also be influenced by gravity and there are instances that blood circulation in the legs are affected since they are below the heart. Due to pressure in the veins, the circulation is disturbed and the blood gets trapped in the veins. This causes the veins to swell, dilate and appear twisted under the skin. Varicosities can occur in any part of the body.
Why Pressure Builds Up In The Veins
There are several factors that cause the pressure to increase in the veins. Old age is one. When you’re older, the function of the veins decline and the valves that maintain the flow of blood in one direction are affected. This causes backflow of blood, thus increasing pressure. Varicosity is also attributed to genetics. Some people are born with weak veins making them develop varicosities. An occupation that entitles you to stand and sit down for long periods compresses the veins and disrupts blood circulation. Women who are taking contraceptive pills and who are pregnant are also at risk.
How To Know If You Have Varicose Veins
A varicosity is fully visible under the skin. Veins become big and lumpy. Generally, a feeling of heaviness and numb legs are felt. Legs may ache at the end of the day or at night. Itchy legs are common and brought by pooling of blood that lacks oxygen. Veins that appear thin, red and spidery may be seen. These are superficial veins and are termed as spider veins.
What Is The Best Approach To Varicose Veins
There are three main approaches to varicose veins. These include conservative treatment, laser and surgery. Your physician will discuss the treatment options and suggest which he thinks would benefit your case. Considerations involved here are costs of treatment, risks and invasiveness of procedures. Conservative treatment is the most sought after.
Conservative treatment is the simplest and safest. It is for mild varicosities which are not complicated. Avoidance of anything that can deplete blood return from the legs to the heart should be exercised. These are extended hours of standing and sitting and use of restrictive clothing. Legs should be elevated at night and weight loss is necessary for overweight people. Use of compression devices can greatly help in improving blood flow. There are medications available that can decrease vein swelling.
Varicosities can be prevented and managed early. Staying away from triggers is essential. Practising measures of promoting blood flow is effective in managing them.